Forest administration in the state of Jammu and Kashmir dates back to the year 1857 AD when an administrative unit called Mahel-i-navara or Forest Exploitation unit was created under the State Revenue Department for maximizing revenue from forests. Proper organization of Forest Department however, began in the year 1883 AD, when rules and regulations with respect to exploitation of forests were passed by the Government in the name of Ain-i-junglat.

Mr JC Mc Donell was appointed as the first Conservator of Forests in 1891 and in the year 1895 the J&K State Council issued Forest Regulation No. 1 to bring the functioning of the department on scientific lines. Training of foresters in the State started with the establishment of Forestry School in Chatternar, Bandipora in the year 1911 AD.

In the year 1913 AD, Forest Regulation No. 2 was issued in which all previously existing forest rules and regulations were consolidated. Rules for Demarcation of Forests were notified in 1914 and in 1924, the Chief Minister of the Maharaja issued directions to have the forest land surveyed and separated from revenue lands. Around the same time, preparation of working plans was also taken up on priority along with demarcation works

The Jammu and Kashmir Forest Act (Samvat 1987) came into force in 1930 AD.

Details of Circle Wise Forest Divisions and their Forest Area

Region Forest Circle Forest Division Area in Ha.
a) Kashmir Srinagar Circle Budgam/ Tangmarg 76588
Sindh 37956
Bandipora 199396
Total 313934
South Circle Shopian Kulgam 81270
Anantnag 96016
Liddar 106591
Total 283877
North Circle Langate 35495
Kamraj 71146
Kehmil 62472
Baramulla 45906
Total 215019
Central Circle Leh 2937
  Kargil 651
Total 3588
Sub Total Kashmir 816418
b) Jammu East Circle Jammu 79289
Kathua 46364
Billawar 68247
Ramnagar 37065
Udhampur 60465
Total 291430
West Circle Poonch 95137
Rajouri 71456
Nowshera 58600
Reasi 45039
Mahore 89563
Total 359795
Chenab Circle Kishtwar 138775
Bhaderwah 89116
Doda 62146
Ramban 48279
Batote 31631
Marwah 185451
Total 555398
Sub Total Jammu 1206623
Grand Total Jammu & Kashmir 2023041

Source : Digest of Forest Statistics 2013


Forest Cover by Density in Square Kilometers (exc. area outside LOC)

The Bar Chart depicts the Forest Covery by Density in Squre Kilometers excluding area outside Line of Control

Forest Cover in different Forest Types Groups

The Bar Chart on right side depicts the Forest Cover in different Forest Type Groups

Tree Cover

Tree Cover includes tree patches outside the recorded forest area exclusive of forest cover and less than the minimum mappable area (1 ha). The estimated tree cover in the State is 6550 Km².

Source: India State of Forest Report 2011; Forest Survey of India


Growing Stock

     Million cubic metres
Forest Trees outside Forests (ToF) Total
227.388 147.745* 375.133

* The growing stock in ToF is high because all trees and tree patches outside LoC have been taken as ToF

(Source: India State of Forest Report 2011; Forest Survey of India)